- Western Cape with capital Capetown,
- Northern Cape with capital Kimberley;
- Eastern Cape with capital Bisho;
- KwaZulu-Natal with capital Ulundi;
- Free State with capital Bloemfontein;
- North West with capital Mafikeng;
- Gauteng with capital Johannesburg;
- Mpumalanga with capital Nelspruit;
- Limpopo with capital Pietersburg.
In the south of the country there is the astonishing marine landscape of KwaZulu - Natal, with its coral reefs and thousands of sea species, a paradise for scuba diving. But there is here not only the sea, but mountain landscapes as well, with the majestic Drakensberg chain, a favourite destination for trekking and walking itineraries.
South west is the Garden Route, a much besought attractive of South Africa and among the best panoramic roads in the world, reaching from Port Elizabeth (the city of friendship) to Cape Agulhas, the southernmost site in Africa, an area well known also as a gathering point of whales nursing their new-borns.
Cities and places of interest
Travelling into the hinterland, amazing views of strange rocky landscapes give place to areas of thick vegetation; these areas are very low populated, but here and there some picturesque villages arise. Another itinerary of great beauty is the Wine Trail, where among endless vineyards small and large farms offer escorted tours with wine tasting.
Not far from Johannesburg, in its southern suburbs, is the shanty town of Soweto, where over 2 million people of different ethnic groups live in poor lodging with little or none sanitary facilities. This the other South Africa, a tragic relic of the apartheid age, and an important warning for the future.